Automotive

Durability analysis of fouled EGR cooler

Cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is effective for the reduction of NOx raw emissions of internal combustion engines. The required cooler has to be designed to efficiently reduce the exhaust gas temperature by several hundred K. The hot exhaust gas on the one side and the coolant on the other side cause strong temperature gradients in the cooler. This effect leads to locally different thermal expansion. In combination with pressure differences between gas and coolant, high stresses are induced into the cooler material.

CFD-aided design of mixers for the urea injection

The performance of a Selective Catalytic Reduction SCR systems in a modern Diesel engines is strongly related to the urea-water solution injection system, to vaporization of liquid droplets, decomposition of urea vapor to ammonia (NH3) and mixing of the NH3 vapor from the urea injector to the SCR catalyst inlet. To improve the evaporation and the mixing of urea vapor with the exhaust gas, passive flow mixing devices (mixers) are commonly adopted in SCR systems.

Performance optimization of a heat exchanger

Performance optimization of an automotive heat exchanger using Sherpa's method (HEEDS)

Nowadays simulation can be used at different levels of the development process and has demonstrated in many cases its ability to reduce both time and cost for studies: prototypes, mock-up and tests can be reduced to a limited number of pre-selected solutions after a numerical study.

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